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Potato and Root Range Summary Sheet

 

pdf1 Afalon Safety Data Sheet  

 

 


afalon liquid PCS No. 02839

A suspension concentrate containing 450 g/l (37.6% w/w) linuron.

 

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
For weed control in potatoes, carrots, parsnips, and outdoor parsley.

 

 

Contents: 5 litres e

 
   

RISK AND SAFETY INFORMATION


TOXIC

Harmful: Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed.
May cause harm to the unborn child.
Possible risk of impaired fertility.
Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.


DANGEROUS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT

Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

Keep out of reach of children.
Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs.
Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).
This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way.
Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination.
Do not allow direct spray to from ground crop sprayers to fall within 5m of the top of the bank of a static or flowing water body. Direct spray away from water.

To avoid risks to man and the environment, comply with the instructions for use.

PCS No. 02839

IMPORTANT INFORMATION
FOR USE ONLY AS AN AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL HERBICIDE

Crop

Maximum individual dose (l/ha)

Maximum number of applications

Maximum total dose (l/ha)

Latest time of application

Potatoes

2.1

-

2.1

Pre-emergence use only
Carrots

2.1

-

2.1

90 days before harvest
Parsnips

2.1

-

2.1

90 days before harvest
Parsley (outdoor)

2.1

-

2.1

90 days before harvest

READ THE LABEL BEFORE USE. USING THIS PRODUCT IN A MANNER THAT IS INCONSISTENTWITH THE LABEL MAY BE AN OFFENCE. FOLLOW THE CODE OF PRACTICE FORUSING PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS


OTHER RISK AND SAFETY PHRASES

Possible risk of irreversible effects.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.
Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
Do not spray against wind.
Avoid all contact by mouth.
Wash hands before meals and after work.
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
Observe recommended waiting periods (harvest intervals).
Do not contaminate adjacent crops.
Do not contaminate ponds, waterways or ditches with chemical or used container.
This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way.
Keep locked up and out of the reach of children.
Keep only in the original container in a cool, well ventilated place away from fire, food, drink and animal feeding stuffs.
In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).

First aid

Seek medical help if poisoning is suspected.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash contaminated parts of the body with soap and water. Flush contaminated eyes with gentle jet of water for 10-15 minutes.
If swallowed, induce vomiting (only if patient is conscious).

Guide to physician

The principal manifestation of poisoning with this product could be methaemoglobinaemia.

Treatment:

- Maintain an adequate airway.
- If swallowed, 200 ml of liquid paraffin should be adminstered first, followed by gastric lavage with approx. 4l water and terminated with charcoal and sodium sulphate.
- Administer: Toloniumchloride (Toluidin blue) 300 mg i.v. or Methylene blue (1% solution) 1-2 mg/kg body weight i.v.

Contraindication: Castor oil, milk, alcohol.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE

Afalon is a selective herbicide with both contact and residual action. Emerged weeds are killed by contact and translocating action, and emerging weeds by a residual action in the soil which persists for several weeks.

Potatoes

Tubers should be planted in a well prepared seedbed which contains as few clods as possible. Afalon Liquid may be applied after planting but before the crop has emerged. When grass and broadleaved weeds have emerged, Afalon Liquid may be applied with a contact herbicide for contact and residual weed control (refer to the section on Compatibility for information).

Dosage

Soil Type

Rate (litres per hectare)

Light*

Early
Potatoes
1.8-2.1

Main Crop
Potatoes
2.1

Medium (including silts and soils with
a high humus content)

2.1

2.1

Heavy

2.1

2.1

Fen & Peat**

2.1

2.1

* Before spraying very light soil consult your distributor.

** Fen and Peat soils: Residual action on these soils is less reliable than on mineral soils. Apply post weed emergence in the seedling stage but before crop emergence. Susceptible emerged weeds will be controlled (see weed control paragraph).

Note: The lower dose may be used on the lighter soils in each soil category, where the more susceptible weeds occur or when weather conditions for crop growth and soil action are favourable.

Carrots, parsley (outdoor field only) and parsnips

Seeds should be drilled into a fine seed-bed at an even depth of not less than 1.25 cm. For optimum results two applications of Afalon Liquid may be necessary to be applied to the crop. The first should be made after drilling the crop but before weed or crop emergence. A further application should be made as soon as weeds appear, providing the crop has reached the correct stage of growth.

Dosage

For carrots apply 2 applications at up to 1.0 l/ha or 1 application at up to 2.1 l/ha.

For parsley (outdoor field only) and parsnips apply only one application at up to 2.1 l/ha.

These rates of use should be amended depending on the soil type, please see the table below for details.

Soil Type

Rate (litres per hectare)

Pre-Crop Emergence Application

Post-Crop Emergence Application

Light

1.25

Within 4 days of drilling

As soon as weeds appear but not until the crop has reached the first “rough” stage.

Medium

1.75

Before crop emergence and preferably before weed emergence.

As soon as weeds appear but not until the crop has reached the first “rough” stage.

Fen & Peat*

2.1

Before crop emergence and preferably before weed emergence.

As soon as weeds appear but not until the crop has reached the first “rough” stage.

* On Fen & Peat soils, carrots may be sprayed anytime after drilling irrespective of crop growth.

Weed control

Specific weeds controlled

Weed

Weed susceptibility at the following rates of use (litres of product/ha) pre-emergence

0.75

1.25-1.5

1.75-2.0

Annual meadow grass

-

MS

MS

Annual nettle

S

S

S

Annual sow thistle

-

MS

S

Black bindweed

-

MS

MS

Black nightshade

-

MS

MS

Cleavers

-

-

-

Field pennycress

MS

S

S

Groundsel

-

S

S

Mayweed spp

MS

MS

S

Red dead-nettle

-

MS

MS

Shepherd’s-purse

S

S

S

Weed susceptibility at the following rates of use (litres of product/ha) post-emergence.

1.25-1.5

1.75-2.0

Annual meadow grass

MR

MR

Annual nettle

S

S

Annual sow thistle

MS

MS

Black bindweed

MS

MS

Black nightshade

MS

MS

Cleavers

R

R

Field pennycress

S

S

Groundsel

MS

MS

Mayweed spp.

R

R

Red dead-nettle

MS

MS

Shepherd’s-purse

S

S

- = no reliable control,
S = susceptible, MS = moderately susceptible,
MR=Moderately resistant, R = Resistant

Following Crops

In the case of crop failure, deep ploughing should be undertaken before sowing the following crops can be drilled: maize, cereals, fennel and parsley. The following crops can be drilled after 2 months have elapsed: carrots, field beans and peas. For sensitive crops like lettuce and endive, the period between application and sowing should be at least 4 months.

In a normal crop rotation, no problems regarding succeeding crops are expected after application of Afalon Liquid.

Spraying instructions

Afalon Liquid should be applied in a volume of 300-500 litres of water per hectare (30-50 gallons per acre). Half fill the spray tank with water and add the required quantity of Afalon Liquid. Continue agitation during tilling and spraying. After spraying thoroughly wash out spray tank. Ensure that the sprayer is correctly calibrated and the boom height adjusted for complete even cover of the ground and, where applicable, the weeds. Avoid overlapping.

Compatibility

Consult Makhteshim Agan UK Ltd or your distributor for details on the products which may be tank mixed with Afalon Liquid.

CONDITIONS OF SUPPLY

All goods supplied by us are of high grade and we believe them to be suitable but, as we cannot exercise control over their storage, handling, mixing or use or the weather conditions before, during and after application which may affect the performance of the goods, all conditions and warranties, statutory or otherwise, as to the quality or fitness for any purpose of our goods are excluded and no responsibility will be accepted by us or re-sellers for any failure in performance, damage or injury whatsoever arising from their storage, handling, application or use. These conditions cannot be varied by our staff or agents whether or not they supervise or assist in the use of such goods.

Makhteshim-Agan (UK) Limited
Unit 16
Thatcham Business Village
Colthrop Way
Thatcham
Berks
RG19 4LW
Tel: 00 44 1635 860555

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